The Incarnations of Immortality series is an eight-book fantasy series by Piers Anthony. It is the second-longest series he has written, exceeded only by Xanth.

The books each focus on one of eight supernatural "offices" (Death, Time, Fate, War, Nature, Evil, Good and Night) in a fictional reality and history parallel to ours, with the exception that society has advanced both magic and modern technology. The series covers the adventures and struggles of a group of humans, called "Incarnations", who hold these supernatural positions for a certain time.


  1. On a Pale Horse (1983) Death - Thanatos
  2. Bearing an Hourglass (1984) Time - Chronos
  3. With a Tangled Skein (1985) Fate - Clotho, Lachesis and Atropos
  4. Wielding a Red Sword (1986) War - Mars
  5. Being a Green Mother (1987) Nature - Gaea
  6. For Love of Evil (1988) Evil - Satan
  7. And Eternity (1990) Good - God
  8. Under a Velvet Cloak (2007) Night - Nox


The Incarnations series uses its premise (anthropomorphic personifications) to ponder questions regarding the nature of life. As each character goes from a mortal life to the "office" of an Incarnation, they are forced to contemplate their actions on a daily basis. Each Incarnation may use their office, within limits, as they see fit. This system humanizes what would otherwise be impersonal forces, leading to extensive considerations of the effects of the incarnation's work and the impact it has on not only humanity but also the other offices of immortality as well.

Another humorous side of Incarnations is the portrayed magic/technology duality. Most series emphasize one or the other means of understanding and manipulating the world, but in Incarnations each method is equal in usefulness and respect. This leads to a number of amusing parallels, such as competition between automobile and magic-carpet manufacturers. By the future time period of Norton, magic is referred to as the Fifth Fundamental Force, with its own primary particle, the Magicon (similar to a graviton). A few other series have used the technology/magic combined motif, notably Apprentice Adept, another series by Piers Anthony, and Four Lords of the Diamond by Jack Chalker.

Anthony uses the number five extensively, often augmenting things that exist in fours in our world. The five Incarnations are associated with five elements (Death with Earth, Fate with Water, War with Fire, Nature with Air, and Time with Void), and often other items with fives (the previously mentioned Book of Five Rings). There are five fundamental interactions, magic being the fifth. The Llano consists of five songs. In On a Pale Horse, Gaea teaches Zane five patterns of thought, each represented by diagrams of five short lines.

A fourth theme of Incarnations is the multigenerational human story between the Incarnations. Previous characters repeatedly appear in later novels, and by the final novel, every major character is related by blood, marriage, or affair. See the family tree below.


Family tree[]

unnamed Kaftan
unnamed Kaftan
Cedric Kaftan
Pacian Kaftan
Orb Kaftan
Gawain II
Cedric Kaftan Jr.
Blenda Kaftan
Luna Kaftan

Note: Colors for each of the Incarnations used are from the covers of their respective books.
Note: Gawain II was conceived by Norton and Orlene, but has Gawain's genetic material instead of Norton's (a favor performed by Gaea)


  • Zane (Thanatos, the Incarnation of Death) is the lover and protector of Luna Kaftan (Niobe's granddaughter).
  • Norton (Chronos, the Incarnation of Time) is the lover of Orlene (who becomes God) as well as the lover of Clotho.
  • Niobe (Clotho, and later Lachesis, Aspects of the Incarnation of Fate) is Orb's (Gaea's) mother, and grandmother to Luna (Death's lover), and Orlene (God). She is also lover to Chronos.
  • Mym (Mars, the Incarnation of War) is father to Orlene (God) and former lover of Orb (Gaea).
  • Orb (Gaea, Mother Nature) is mother to Orlene (God), daughter to Niobe (Clotho/Lachesis, Fate), and former lover of Mym (War).
  • Parry (Satan, the Incarnation of Evil) is married to Orb (Gaea/Mother Nature), and stepfather to Orlene (God).
  • Orlene (God (sometimes called "the Goddess"), the Incarnation of Good) is the daughter of Nature and War, Fate's granddaughter, Time's lover and mother to his biological son (prior to either of them taking their office), Evil's stepdaughter, and Death's wife's cousin.
  • In "Under a Velvet Cloak", Kerena (Nox, Incarnation of Night) is the lover of the original Sir Gawain, Knight of the Round Table, and mother of the original Gawain (Gaw-Two) who was tainted at birth and destined to die early. Kerena's quest to save Gaw-Two is what eventually leads her to become Nox, the Incarnation of Night and Keeper of Secrets. Gawain (Orlene's ghost husband) is the direct descendant of Sir Gawain, and carries the family taint, so the second Gaw-Two, born to Orlene and Ghost Gawain, is also tainted and destined to die early. Nox is also the great-aunt (many times removed) to Niobe and her children and grandchildren.

Lesser Incarnations[]

  • Hypnos: Incarnation of Sleep
  • JHVH: Incarnation of Jewish God (assumed to be Jehovah)

Lesser Incarnations serving Nature/Gaea[]

  • Eros: Incarnation of Love
  • Hope: Incarnation of Hope
  • Phobos & Deimos: Named after the Greek gods of fear and panic. These lesser Incarnations act as assistants to Gaea (Nature). Their functions are not explained in the books (although presumably they have similar natures to their Greek equivalents).

Lesser Incarnations serving War/Mars[]

  • Pestilence: disease in general, but especially consistent with the aftermath of battles.
  • Conquest: manager of individual battles
  • Famine: starvation consistent with battles (although this incarnation has served Death/Thanatos on at least one occasion)
  • Slaughter: a representation of the bloodshed associated with battles

Cultural references[]

  • The Showtime (TV network) series Dead Like Me was inspired by the book On a Pale Horse.[1]
  • In 2007, Anthony wrote that Disney had sold the TV rights to On a Pale Horse to Touchstone/ABC, which were "filming a pilot program".[2] In 2009 Javier Grillo-Marxuach wrote a pilot for the series for ABC,[3] but it was not picked up.


External links[]

This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Incarnations of Immortality.
The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Xanth, the text of Wikipedia is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Incarnations of Immortality series by Piers Anthony
On a Pale HorseBearing an HourglassWith a Tangled SkeinWielding a Red SwordBeing a Green MotherFor Love of EvilAnd EternityUnder a Velvet Cloak
Incarnations in Incarnations of Immortality